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Topographical map of Fort St. Anthony (Fort Snelling), 1823. Drawn by Sergeant Joseph E. Heckle with marginal notes by Major Josiah H. Vose, Fifth U.S. Infantry.

Topographical sketch of Fort St. Anthony (Fort Snelling)

Topographical map of Fort St. Anthony (Fort Snelling), 1823. Drawn by Sergeant Joseph E. Heckle with marginal notes by Major Josiah H. Vose, Fifth U.S. Infantry.

Black and white portrait of Lieutenant Colonel Henry Leavenworth, c.1820.

Lieutenant Colonel Henry Leavenworth

Lieutenant Colonel Henry Leavenworth, c.1820.

Color image of epaulets worn by Lieutenant Nathan Clark, who served at Fort Snelling, Minnesota, from 1819 to 1827.

Army infantry officer's uniform epaulets worn by Nathan Clark

Epaulets worn by Nathan Clark, who served as an officer at Fort Snelling, Minnesota, from 1819 to 1827.

Oil on canvas painting of Colonel Josiah Snelling, c.1818. Artist unknown.

Colonel Josiah Snelling

Oil on canvas painting of Colonel Josiah Snelling, c.1818. Artist unknown.

Oil on canvas painting by David Geister, 2006.

Fort Snelling

Fort Snelling, c.1835. Oil on canvas painting by David Geister, 2006.

Fort Snelling in the Expansionist Era, 1819–1858

The U.S. Army built Fort Snelling between 1820 and 1825 to protect American interests in the fur trade. It tasked the fort’s troops with deterring advances by the British in Canada, enforcing boundaries between the region’s American Indian nations, and preventing Euro-American immigrants from intruding on American Indian land. In these early years and until its temporary closure in 1858, Fort Snelling was a place where diverse people interacted and shaped the future state of Minnesota.

Black and white photograph of Japanese American soldiers at Fort Snelling, VJ Day, 1945.

Japanese American soldiers at Fort Snelling, VJ Day

Japanese American soldiers at Fort Snelling, VJ Day, 1945.

Black and white scan of a Military Intelligence Service Language School commencement program, 1945.

Military Intelligence Service Language School commencement program

This program was distributed at a commencement ceremony of the Military Intelligence Service Language School at Fort Snelling, 1945.

Black and white photograph of Nisei Women’s Army Corps (WAC) detachment at Fort Snelling, c.1945.

Women’s Army Corps, Fort Snelling

Nisei Women’s Army Corps (WAC) detachment at Fort Snelling, c.1945.

Black and white photograph of General Frank Merrill with Nisei interpreters, c.1945.

General Frank Merrill with Nisei interpreters

(L to R) Sergeant Herbert Miyasaki , General Frank Merrill, and Akiji Yoshimura, c.1945. Miyasaki and Yoshimura were graduates of the MISLS. Some of the most celebrated Nisei of the war fought with the 5307th Composite Unit (Provisional), better known as “Merrill’s Marauders.”

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