photograph of a round lace doily

Dakota round lace doily

Lace doily made by Dakota women at Birch Coulee Mission, possibly as a result of the lace-making school, c.1890–1920.

Photograph of four lace makers at the Redwood Mission in Morton, Minnesota

Lace Makers at the Redwood Mission, Morton

Lace Makers at the Redwood Mission, Morton, 1897.

photograph of lace makers working outdoors at the Leech Lake Reservation

Lace makers at Leech Lake

Lace makers at Leech Lake, 1906.

Portrait photograph of Sybil Carter

Sybil Carter

Sybil Carter, c.1890.

Photograph of Sybil Carter and Indian lace makers at Birch Coulee

Sybil Carter with instructors and lace makers at Birch Coulee

Sybil Carter with instructors and lace makers at Birch Coulee, c.1896

The Sybil Carter Indian Lace Association

When Sybil Carter started her first lace-making classes at the White Earth Reservation, she set the stage for a major economic enterprise. In 1904, friends of Carter organized the Sybil Carter Indian Lace Association to help ship and market lace made by women on reservations to East Coast consumers. The association provided a good source of income to American Indian women. However, the association also held negative views of American Indian women and excluded them from leadership roles.

Ruth Boynton with colleagues Don Cowan and Paul Rupprecht at the ceremony where the University Health Service was renamed the Boynton Health Service. She is elderly and sitting in a wheelchair. The two men stand behind her and the sign with the name of the building is in the foreground.

Don Cowan, Ruth Boynton, and Paul Rupprecht at the renaming of the University Health Service

Ruth Boynton with colleagues Don Cowan and Paul Rupprecht at the ceremony where the University Health Service was renamed the Boynton Health Service.

Portrait of Ruth Boynton from 1920.

Ruth Boynton, 1920

Ruth Boynton, who would go on to direct the University of Minnesota Student Health Service from 1936 to 1961.

Boynton, Ruth Evelyn (1896 - 1977)

Ruth Boynton was a physician, researcher, and administrator who spent almost her entire career at the University of Minnesota (U of M). She worked in public health and student health services. At that time there were few women in any of these fields. She was Director of the University Student Health Service from 1936 to 1961. It was renamed the Boynton Health Service in her honor in 1975.

Heart-shaped valentine, labeled "To Miss Sanford"

Valentine given to Maria Sanford, 1913

Valentine given to Maria Sanford by University of Minnesota Students.
Minnesota Historical Society Manuscript Collection, Maria L. Sanford Papers, 1851–1920

"To Miss Sanford
Vivid, buoyant,
Tireless, fluent;
Full of vim,
An occasional whim;
Never a shirk
Not afraid of work,
For mind, or heart, or hand;
A love of beauty,
A sense of duty,
As quick to obey as command;
A brain right clear,
A heart full of cheer,
Eloquent lips touched by altar’s coal;
Still she is, humanly,
Just plain womanly,
With face--index of beautiful soul.
Just as good as she is great,
The best-loved woman of the North Star State.
Feb. 14, 1913"

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