Paist, Henrietta Barclay (1870–1930)

Multi-talented artist, designer, teacher, and author Henrietta Barclay Paist is perhaps best known for her china painting, a popular turn-of-the-century pastime. Born in Red Wing in 1870, she studied ceramics in Germany, watercolor painting in Minneapolis, and design in Chicago before settling in the Twin Cities.

Willmar 8, striking bank employees in Willmar

Willmar 8, striking bank employees in Willmar

Striking bank employees in Willmar, known as the Willmar 8, 1980. These women brought national attention to inequality in the workplace.

Western Freight traffic office

Western Freight traffic office

Workers at the Western Freight traffic office, 1911. Photograph by Charles J. Hibbard. The "paperwork revolution" in the early twentieth century provided a whole new field of employment for Minnesota women.

Wild rice harvest

Wild rice harvest

Wild rice harvest. Two women winnowing rice with nooshkaachinaaganan (winnowing baskets), 1910-1918. Photograph by Frances Densmore.

Schoolhouse near Fosston

Schoolhouse near Fosston

A country schoolhouse near Fosston, Minnesota, 1895. In the first years of statehood, school teachers in rural districts had to "board around" with local families.

Operating room, St. Mary's Hospital, Rochester

Operating room, St. Mary's Hospital, Rochester

An operating room at St. Mary's Hospital in Rochester, 1893. The Sisters of St. Francis at St. Mary's were known for their excellent nursing care.

Frances Densmore with Susan Windgrow

Frances Densmore with Susan Windgrow

Red Wing ethnologist Frances Densmore examines a moccasin made by her Dakota friend Susan Windgrow (Good Bear Woman), c.1930. Densmore also preserved a nationally important collection of American Indian songs by recording them on wax cylinders, beginning in 1906.

Countryman, Gratia Alta (1866–1953)

In June 1922, the Minneapolis Public Library book wagon made its first trip from Minneapolis to Excelsior, a small village on Lake Minnetonka. Riding aboard the book wagon was Gratia Countryman, the library system's visionary director.

Gratia A. Countryman at desk in Minneapolis Public Library

Gratia A. Countryman at desk in Minneapolis Public Library

Gratia Countryman at desk in Minneapolis Public Library, c.1945.

Gratia Alta Countryman

Gratia Alta Countryman

Gratia Countryman at city-wide testimonial dinner in her honor, Minneapolis, December 11, 1936.

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