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Minneapolis Anti-pornography Ordinance

In 1977, residents of South Minneapolis mobilized to fight the expansion of adult entertainment businesses along Lake Street. In 1983, after years of unsuccessful protest, these activists sought help from nationally known feminist theorists Catharine MacKinnon and Andrea Dworkin. MacKinnon and Dworkin wrote a controversial amendment to the city's expansive civil rights ordinance that defined pornography as a violation of women's civil rights.

Virginia Piper at press conference

KSTP video footage of Virginia Piper at a press conference after her kidnapping, 1972.

Color image of Virginia and Bobby Piper, c.1980.

Virginia and Bobby Piper

Virginia and Bobby Piper, c.1980. Used with the permission of David Piper.

Black and white photograph of Virginia Piper in Jay Cooke State Park after her rescue by the FBI. Photographed by the FBI on July 29, 1972. Used with the permission of Harry Piper III.

Virginia Piper

Virginia Piper in Jay Cooke State Park after her rescue by the FBI. Photographed by the FBI on July 29, 1972. Used with the permission of Harry Piper III.

Kidnapping of Virginia Piper

On July 27, 1972, two armed, masked men walked into the Orono home of Virginia Lewis Piper and walked out with the forty-nine-year-old woman handcuffed and blindfolded. The next day, her husband, Harry C. Piper Jr., a prominent Twin Cities investment banker, personally delivered a $1 million ransom to the unidentified kidnappers. Four decades later, no one has served a day of prison time for the crime. Except for about four thousand dollars in scattered twenty-dollar bills, the Pipers’ million-dollar ransom has not been recovered.

Black and white photograph of a Red Cross nurse, and likely Motor Corps officer, 1918. The car has the Red Cross symbol on the hood and was likely part of the Minnesota Motor Corps.

Red Cross nurse and officer

A Red Cross nurse, and likely Motor Corps officer, 1918. The car has the Red Cross symbol on the hood and was likely part of the Minnesota Motor Corps.

Black and white photograph of members of the Red Cross Volunteer Motor Service, 1918.

Red Cross Volunteer Motor Service

Members of the Red Cross Volunteer Motor Service, 1918.

Black and white photograph of members of the St. Paul Chapter of the Red Cross, Motor Corps, 1918.

Members of St. Paul Chapter of Red Cross, Motor Corps

Members of the St. Paul Chapter of the Red Cross, Motor Corps, 1918.

Black and white photograph of Red Cross Motor Corps truck, St. Paul, 1918.

Red Cross Motor Corps truck

Red Cross Motor Corps truck, St. Paul, 1918.

Black and white photograph of the Betty Crocker Test Kitchens, c.1950.

Betty Crocker Test Kitchens

Betty Crocker Test Kitchens, c.1950.

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