Black and white photograph of Hilda Simms with Earl Hollman and other actors from the Harlem Theater in New York City, c.1943.

Hilda Simms with other actors from the Harlem Theater

Hilda Simms with Earl Hollman and other actors from the Harlem Theater in New York City, c.1943.

Black and white photograph of Hilda Simms posed for a photo in her dressing room, c.1943.

Hilda Simms Backstage

Hilda Simms posed for a photo in her dressing room, c.1943.

Black and white photograph of Hilda Simms, c.1940.

Hilda Simms

A promotional photo taken early in Hilda Simms’s acting career, c.1940.

Simms, Hilda (1918–1994)

Raised in a large Catholic family in North Minneapolis, Hilda Simms became a national celebrity for her leading role in the first all-black performance of the Broadway show Anna Lucasta. Frustrated by her struggling career and the lack of roles for black actors, Simms worked as the creative director for the New York State Human Rights Commission to address racial discrimination in the entertainment industry.

Black and white photograph of Mary L. Griggs, daughter of Theodore and Mary Griggs, 1931. Photographed by Kenneth M. Wright Studios

Mary L. Griggs

Mary L. Griggs, daughter of Theodore and Mary Griggs, 1931. Photographed by Kenneth M. Wright Studios

Black and white photograph of Mary Livingston Griggs, c.1936. Photographed by Charles H. Wiebmer.

Mary Livingston Griggs

Mary Livingston Griggs, c.1936. Photographed by Charles H. Wiebmer.

Black and white photograph of Mrs. James C. Burbank, c.1872. Photographed by Whitney's Gallery.

Mrs. James C. Burbank

Mrs. James C. Burbank, c.1872. Photographed by Whitney's Gallery.

Wanda Gág

Wanda Gág

Wanda Gág c. 1918.

Black and white photograph of Clement Haupers and Elsa Jemne at Big Sand Lake, c.1929.

Clement Haupers and Elsa Jemne

Clement Haupers and Elsa Jemne at Big Sand Lake, c.1929.

Black and white photograph of Elsa Laubach Jemne viewing Clement Haupers’ oil painting "Early Moon" in St. Paul, 1938.

Elsa Laubach Jemne viewing Clement Haupers’ oil painting "Early Moon"

Elsa Laubach Jemne viewing Clement Haupers’ oil painting Early Moon in St. Paul, 1938.

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