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Gehl-Mittelsted Farm, Carver County

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Gehl-Mittelsted Farmstead

Front and side views of the Gehl-Mittelsted Farmhouse as it is in the twenty-first century. Rights held by the CCHS.

The Gehl-Mittelsted Farmstead is located in the far southern part of Carver County, in San Francisco Township. One of Carver County's many historic properties, the farmstead was placed on Minnesota's Ten Most Endangered Historic Sites list in 2006.

The farm was founded by Henry Gehl. Gehl was a German immigrant, born in Schwerin, Mecklenberg-Schwerin, Germany on February 13, 1825. At age twenty-five, he joined the thousands of others immigrating to America during the 1850s. Gehl purchased the farmstead in 1867. In addition to the farm, Gehl also ran butcher shops in both Chaska and Carver, which were supplied by his farm. He did well with both. During the 1880s, the large Chaska brick house on the property was built. It was home to Gehl, his wife Christina Sohns Gehl, and their fourteen children.

Henry and Christina's son Francis Gehl ran the farm after Henry died in 1890. Three years later, Francis married Beda Hurtig. They had two children: Robert (1895) and Herbert (1896). Sadly, just a few short years later on January 24, 1901, tragedy struck. While crossing railroad tracks on his way home from Jordan, Francis was hit and killed, though the horses survived and continued home.

Upon the tragic death of Francis, his brother Herman A.J. Gehl bought the farm. For the next sixteen years until his death, Herman made "Gehl Ranch" one of the largest farms in southeastern Minnesota. At his death, the farm had over forty horses, one hundred cattle, and two hundred hogs.

Following Herman's death, his son, Henry William Gehl, named for his grandfather, took over both the farm and the meat market in February 1934. At this point, the massive farm was at 2,000 acres, 100 cattle, and about 20,000 turkeys. In February 1935, Henry married Stella Winson. They moved to her home town of Excelsior and operated the farm and meat shop with hired help. Henry W. and Stella Gehl had no children. Henry had a sister, Florence Mittelsted, and brother, Charles F. Gehl, still alive at his death. His will gave the farm to his nephew, Gale Mittelsted, with whom he had formed a business partnership, and niece, Shirley Teske.

The last family owners of the Gehl-Mittelsted farmstead were Gale Mittelsted, his wife, and two sons. Trained as a veterinarian, Gale opened a practice in Chaska after being discharged from the military in 1946 after World War II ended. According to family legend Gale was named "Gehl" Mittelsted after his mother's family, but it was misspelled on his baptism papers, and it became "Gale" instead. The Mittelsteds lived in Chaska, working the farm with hired help. In 1980, they moved to the farm, where Gale died in 1983. His wife Anita and sons Peter and Gehl remained on the farm until selling it to the United States Fish and Wildlife Service in 1995, making the farmstead a part of the Minnesota Valley Wildlife Refuge.

Although the Fish and Wildlife Service originally planned to turn the house into a Visitor Center, its location on a floodplain, and the fact the house has twice had floodwater reach as high as the floor joists, changed their minds. However, the site still has enduring historic value. Made of Chaska brick, the house is significant for the brick and its early German architecture style. The property was also owned and operated by five generations of the same family, which is historically significant. As part of the Minnesota Valley Wildlife Refuge, the land will not be developed on, divided up, or sold. This will allow the property to be preserved for future generations of visitors. The house is less secure. In 2006, the house and outlying building that remain were placed on a list of Minnesota's Ten Most Endangered Historic Sites and its future remains uncertain.

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"Contemplates a Meat Market." Carver Free Press, May 21, 1885.

"Death Robs City of Prominent Man and Business Proprietor." Weekly Valley Herald, June 6, 1949.

Edwins, Steve and Steve Wilmot, SMSQ Architects. "Gehl-Mittlested Site Reuse Study." Reuse Brief- Site
Value. Minnesota Valley National Wildlife Refuge, December 15, 2007.

Maravelas, Paul Scheftel. "The Gehl Farm in San Francisco Township, Carver County, with some notes on
the village of San Francisco, the Little Rapids, and the Wahpeton Village at that place." Site
study. Compiled by the Carver County Historical Society for the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service,
March 15, 1997.

"Married- Henry W. Gehl to Stella Winson." Weekly Valley Herald, February 14, 1935.

"New Butcher Shop." Weekly Valley Herald, February 9, 1882.

"Obituary- Henry Gehl." Weekly Valley Herald, November 27, 1890.

"Public Input Sought on Reuse of Historic House." Norwood Times, February 28, 2008.

"Soon to Graze in Poland Pastures, Cows from Gehl Ranch Destined for Foreign Duty." Weekly Valley
, December 27, 1945.

"Unfortunate Death of Francis Gehl." Weekly Valley Herald, January 31, 1901.

Related Images

Gehl-Mittelsted Farmstead
Gehl-Mittelsted Farmstead
MN Valley Floodway
MN Valley Floodway

Turning Point

In 1995, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service purchases the historic Gehl-Mittelsted farmstead, preserving the still-active farmland as a wildlife refuge and developing plans to convert the house into a visitor center.


February 13, 1825

Henry Gehl is born in Schwerin, Mecklenberg-Schwerin, Germany.


Henry Gehl immigrates to America at age twenty-five.


Gehl purchases farmland in San Francisco Township, Carver County.


A Chaska Brick farmhouse is erected on the property that incorporates early German architectural styles.


Henry Gehl dies; his son Francis Gehl takes over the farm.


Francis Gehl marries Beda Hurtig.

January 24, 1901

Francis Gehl dies in a train accident.


Herman A.J. Gehl takes over the farm and makes "Gehl Ranch" one of the largest farms in southeastern Minnesota

February 1934

Herman Gehl dies and son Henry William Gehl takes over the farm.

February 1935

Henry W. Gehl marries Stella Winson of Excelsior where they settle, running the farm from a distance with hired help.

June 1949

Henry W. Gehl dies.


Gale Mittelsted operates the farm with hired help while running a veterinarian clinic in Chaska.


Gale Mittelsted, his wife Anita and their children move to the farm.


Gale Mittelsted dies.


The Gehl-Mittelsted property is sold to the United States Fish and Wildlife Service.


The Gehl-Mittelsted farm is listed on Minnesota's Ten Most Endangered Historic Sites list.