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American Jewish World

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Black and white photograph of Samuel Deinard.

Samuel Deinard, c.1905. Deinard served as president of the Minneapolis NAACP in 1914.

Founded in 1912 by Rabbi Samuel Deinard as part of an effort to unify the German and Eastern European Jews of Minnesota, the American Jewish World newspaper celebrated its centennial in 2012.

At the turn of the twentieth century, German Jews who had come to Minnesota as early as the 1850s and the more recent arrivals from Eastern Europe had little contact with each other. They lived in different neighborhoods and worshiped at different synagogues.

Soon after Samuel Deinard arrived in Minneapolis in 1901, he set out to change the situation. His background and personality made him ideally suited to bridge the gap in the Jewish community. He was by birth an Eastern European Jew. Yet he was also a Reform rabbi, the spiritual leader of Shaarai Tov (Gates of Goodness; today, Temple Israel). At the time, almost all Reform Jews had German-speaking roots.

Deinard was a Zionist, a supporter of creating a Jewish homeland in Palestine. Most Reform Jews at the time rejected this position as too radical. Most Eastern European Jews, who were predominantly Orthodox, supported Zionism. Deinard spoke six languages fluently, including German, Yiddish, Hebrew, and English. All these factors, as well as his personal warmth, earned Deinard the trust and esteem of the Eastern European immigrants.

Deinard's first newspaper was the Jewish Progress, a weekly news magazine founded in 1904 that covered Minneapolis and St. Paul. It soon failed, as did the Judean, founded the following year. Undaunted, Deinard founded a third weekly, the Scribe, in 1907. A large number of Minneapolis Jews spoke Yiddish as their primary language, so the Scribe published a four-page Yiddish supplement. But it too ceased publication after several years. Another rabbi, Israel Marks, published and edited a Minneapolis Yiddish newspaper, Der Shabbosidge Post (the Saturday Post), from 1917 to 1921.

Deinard tried once more in 1912 with the Jewish Weekly. He hired Leonard (Leo) Frisch, a recent University of Minnesota graduate, to assist him in running the publication. It ceased publication after six months, but Deinard and Frisch held onto the idea. It was formally reborn as the American Jewish World (AJW), its current name, in 1915. Deinard handed the editor's reins to Frisch. Rabbi C. David Matt of Adath Jeshurun Congregation was assistant editor until 1917. After Deinard's sudden death in 1921 at age forty-eight, Frisch also became publisher, a role he maintained for over six decades.

The news magazine added national and international news that affected the Jewish community. Jewish wire services provided the stories. The magazine also began to cover the Jewish communities of Duluth, Rochester, and the rest of Minnesota, western Wisconsin, and the Dakotas. Synagogue and organization news, social items, and life event announcements were widely read. Families took out ads wishing readers a happy Jewish new year before the High Holidays. This editorial mix continued into the twenty-first century.

In the 1950s the AJW had offices in the downtowns of both Twin Cities. The Minneapolis office was in the now-razed Palace Building at 40 South Fourth Street. The St. Paul office was in the Pioneer Building at 336 North Robert Street.

In 1964, after the death of his brother, business manager William T. Frisch, Leo Frisch hired Norman Gold. Gold carried out Frisch's decision to change the publication's format from a magazine to a tabloid newspaper. Gold became editor and publisher in 1973, one year after Frisch's retirement.

In 1980 AJW columnist Rabbi Marc Liebhaber bought the newspaper. Gold continued for two more years as executive editor. Liebhaber then became editor. In 2006 a local group of investors, including AJW editor and publisher Mordecai Specktor and music producer Steve "Funkytown" Greenberg, bought the assets of the AJW from Liebhaber. In the same year AJW published the first of its annual guides to Jewish resources in Minnesota.

The recession of 2008 and the rise of digital media reduced the AJW's advertising revenue. Its publication schedule changed from weekly to biweekly in May 2009.

The AJW survived to celebrate its centennial in 2012. It remains independently owned in an era when similar newspapers in other cities are mostly published by Jewish community groups.

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© Minnesota Historical Society
  • Bibliography
  • Related Resources

Centennial special edition. St. Paul American Jewish World, July 20, 2012.

Chronicles of a generation: Eighty Years with the American Jewish World. Minneapolis: American Jewish World, [1992?].

Gordon, Albert I. Jews in Transition. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1949.

Gordon, Dr. George J. "Reminiscences of Dr. Samuel N. Deinard." St. Paul American Jewish World, September 22, 1922.

A Legacy of Pride: The American Jewish World: Seventy-Five Years. [Minneapolis: American Jewish World, 1986].

Lewin, Rhoda. Jewish Community of North Minneapolis. Chicago: Arcadia Publishing, 2001.

Plaut, Gunther. The Jews in Minnesota: The First Seventy-Five Years. New York: American Jewish Historical Society, 1959.

Rapp, Michael G. "Samuel Deinard and the Unification of Jews in Minneapolis." Minnesota History 43, no. 6 (Summer 1973): 213–221.

Specktor, Mordecai. "Changes at the Jewish World." St. Paul American Jewish World, April 16, 2009.

——— . "Editorial: A Threat to the American Jewish World." St. Paul American Jewish World, June 22, 2012.

——— . "Editorial: Report from Big D." St. Paul American Jewish World, July 6, 2011.

Related Images

Black and white photograph of Samuel Deinard.
Black and white photograph of Samuel Deinard.
Black and white photograph of Funeral of Rabbi Samuel Deinard, Temple Israel, Minneapolis, October 16, 1921.
Black and white photograph of Funeral of Rabbi Samuel Deinard, Temple Israel, Minneapolis, October 16, 1921.

Turning Point

After ninety-seven years as a weekly publication, the American Jewish World moves to a biweekly publication schedule in 2009—the result of declining advertising revenue and changes in the publishing industry.



Rabbi Samuel Deinard founds the first of four weekly newspapers aimed at the Jewish communities of Minneapolis and St. Paul.


Deinard founds the Jewish Weekly and hires Leo Frisch.


The Jewish Weekly changes its name to the American Jewish World (AJW). Frisch becomes editor.


Leo Frisch becomes AJW's publisher upon Deinard's death.


Frisch retires.


Norman Gold becomes editor and publisher.


Rabbi Marc Liebhaber buys AJW.


Liebhaber becomes editor of AJW.


Local investors, including editor and publisher Mordecai Specktor, purchase AJW from Leibhaber.


AJW celebrates its centennial.