How The Environment Has Shaped the State

From Sustenance to Leisure on Minnesota Land

Expert Essay: Associate professor of history Michael J. Lansing, published in Environmental History as well as Ethics, Place, and Environment, highlights the many ways people have made use of Minnesota's flora and fauna over time and reviews the state's more recent efforts at conservation.

Ginwaajiwanaang (Kay-Nah-Chi-Wah-Nung)

Ginwaajiwanaang (Kay-Nah-Chi-Wah-Nung)

Ginwaajiwanaang (Kay-Nah-Chi-Wah-Nung), The Place of the Long Rapids, also called Long Sault Rapids, in Franz Jevne State Park. Photo by Marjorie Savage, 2021. Used with the permission of Marjorie Savage.

Upper Sault access sign

Upper Sault access sign

Upper Sault access sign at a boat launch on the Rainy River in Franz Jevne State Park. Photo by Wikimedia user Tony Webster, October 6, 2017. CC BY-SA 2.0

Signage in Franz Jevne State Park

Signage in Franz Jevne State Park

Signage in Franz Jevne State Park. Photo by Marjorie Savage, 2021. Used with the permission of Marjorie Savage.

Picnic shelter in Franz Jevne State Park

Picnic shelter in Franz Jevne State Park

Picnic shelter in Franz Jevne State Park. Photo by Marjorie Savage, 2021. Used with the permission of Marjorie Savage.

US–Canada border marker

US–Canada border marker

Marker at the international border of the United States and Canada inside Franz Jevne State Park. Photo by Wikimedia Commons user Tony Webster, October 5, 2017. CC BY-SA 2.0

Visitors in Franz Jevne State Park

Visitors in Franz Jevne State Park

Visitors enjoy the Rainy River in Franz Jevne State Park. Photograph by Marjorie Savage, 2021. Used with the permission of Marjorie Savage.

Rocky outcrop inside Franz Jevne State Park

Rocky outcrop inside Franz Jevne State Park

A rocky outcrop in Franz Jevne State Park. Photograph by Marjorie Savage, 2021. Used with the permission of Marjorie Savage.

View of the Rainy River inside Franz Jevne State Park

View of the Rainy River inside Franz Jevne State Park

View of the Rainy River in Franz Jevne State Park. Photo by Wikimedia Commons user Tony Webster, October 6, 2017. CC BY-SA 2.0

Franz Jevne State Park

Franz Jevne State Park is Minnesota’s smallest state park, consisting of about 120 acres of hardwood forest and wetlands. Stretching along the southern shoreline of the Rainy River in Koochiching County, the park represents the combination of natural resources and social history that built Minnesota’s far north. It shares a rich culture with the Manitou Burial Mounds, a National Historic Site of Canada, on the river’s northern bank.

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