MN90: Hello from Minnesota, Herr Hitler

August 1933, Charles Fremont Dight, Minnesota physician and founder of the Minnesota Eugenics Society, was tapping out a letter of congratulations. His recipient? Germany’s new chancellor, Adolf Hitler. MN90's Britt Aamodt reports.

Charles F. Dight

Charles F. Dight

Charles F. Dight in Minneapolis, undated. From box 1 of the Charles Fremont Dight papers, 1883–1984, Manuscripts Collection, Minnesota Historical Society, St. Paul.

Dight, Charles Fremont (1856–1938)

Charles Fremont Dight grew up believing in the power of medicine to ascertain and correct natural or social problems. After a series of disappointments in politics in the 1910s, he turned to the burgeoning field of eugenics in the 1920s to realize his dream of a centrally planned economy and population.

Pat Bellanger with Vince Hill, Dr. Lydia Caros, and Dr. Carol Krush

Pat Bellanger with Vince Hill, Dr. Lydia Caros, and Dr. Carol Krush

Photograph by Clara NiiSka published in the Ojibwe News (page 5) on August 16, 2002. Original caption: “Pediatrician Dr. Lydia Caros and family practitioner Dr. Lori Banazak, two of the physicians starting the Native American Community Clinic at 1213 E. Franklin Avenue in the Phillips neighborhood in south Minneapolis, stand in front of their clinic-in-progress with founding members of the board of directors of the Indian Health Board Vince Hill and Pat Bellanger.” Bellanger stands at the far right.

Centro Cultural Chicano table at “Fair of the Heart”

Centro Cultural Chicano table at the Fair of the Heart

Elders represent Centro Cultural Chicano at the Fair of the Heart on September 7, 1986. Held in Minnehaha Park in Minneapolis and organized by the United Way, the event attracted thousands of people. From page 2 of Visiones de la Raza 10, no. 10 (October 1986) in box 1 of the Irene Gomez-Bethke papers, Manuscripts Collection, Minnesota Historical Society, St. Paul.

Brian Coyle’s AIDS Memorial Quilt panel

Brian Coyle’s AIDS Memorial Quilt panel

Brian Coyle’s AIDS Memorial Quilt panel on display at the Livingston Lord Library at Minnesota State University Moorhead. Photograph by Trista Raezer-Stursa, November 30, 2021.

Malchow, Charles W. (1864–1917)

In 1904, Charles W. Malchow was a professor of medicine at Hamline University Medical School who had studied abroad in Germany and England. He had a happy marriage, a medical practice in downtown Minneapolis, and a house near Lake of the Isles. He was young, handsome, successful, and ambitious. Then he went to prison.

Inside front cover of The Sexual Life

Inside front cover of The Sexual Life

Inside front cover of the third edition of Charles Malchow’s The Sexual Life, published by C. V. Mosby Company in 1914. From the collection of, and used with the permission of, Ryan T. Hurt.

Rand House

Rand House

Rand House at Hamline University’s Department of Medicine, 1890s. From the Medical Dial 1, no. 9 (August 1899).

Charles Malchow

Charles Malchow

Charles Malchow around the time of his graduation from Minneapolis College of Physicians and Surgeons, in 1894. From the collection of Ryan T. Hurt.

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