Creation of Nerstrand Big Woods State Park, 1945

Between 1934 and 1945, many local advocacy and state legislative efforts were introduced to preserve the Nerstrand Woods as the last sizable remnant of Minnesota’s “Big Woods.” On March 28, 1945, the bill establishing the Nerstrand Woods State Park was approved by the legislature. It was signed by Governor Edward J. Thye on April 2.

Orrington C. Hall, brother of S. Edward Hall, ca. 1920.

Orrington C. Hall

Orrington C. Hall, brother of S. Edward Hall, ca. 1920.

S. Edward Hall of St. Paul sitting for a portrait. ca. 1940.

S. Edward Hall

S. Edward Hall of St. Paul sitting for a portrait. ca. 1940.

Hall, S. Edward (1878–1975)

S. Edward Hall was a prominent African American barber and advocate for the African American community, both in St. Paul and nationally. An active Republican, Hall was a four-time state presidential elector and a member of several political committees and social organizations. His work for his community and success as a businessman are important components of the history of African Americans in St. Paul and, specifically, the Rondo neighborhood.

Ticket to the Alexander Road Show, Nerstrand City Hall, ca. 1915. Used with the permission of Rice County Historical Society.

Ticket to the Alexander Road Show

Ticket to the Alexander Road Show, Nerstrand City Hall, ca. 1915. Used with the permission of Rice County Historical Society.

Governor Luther Youngdahl setting fire to restraints at Anoka County Hospital, October 31, 1949. Photograph by Hi Paul. Published in the St. Paul Pioneer Press on November 1, 1949, with the article, “Halloween Fire Heralds Reform—Anoka State Hospital Burns Straitjackets.” Original caption: “A flaming pile of strait jackets, manacles, and straps marked the end of the use of restraints at the Anoka State Hospital Monday night. Gov. Youngdahl, the moving force behind Minnesota’s mental health program, is shown

Governor Youndahl setting fire to restraints

Governor Luther Youngdahl setting fire to restraints at Anoka County Hospital, October 31, 1949. Photograph by Hi Paul. Published in the St. Paul Pioneer Press on November 1, 1949, with the article, “Halloween Fire Heralds Reform—Anoka State Hospital Burns Straitjackets.” Original caption: “A flaming pile of strait jackets, manacles, and straps marked the end of the use of restraints at the Anoka State Hospital Monday night. Gov. Youngdahl, the moving force behind Minnesota’s mental health program, is shown personally setting the torch to the devices.

Governor Luther Youngdahl setting fire to restraints at Anoka County Hospital, October 31, 1949. Photograph by Hi Paul. Published in the St. Paul Pioneer Press on November 1, 1949, with the article, “Halloween Fire Heralds Reform—Anoka State Hospital Burns Straitjackets.” Original caption: “A flaming pile of strait jackets, manacles, and straps marked the end of the use of restraints at the Anoka State Hospital Monday night. Gov. Youngdahl, the moving force behind Minnesota’s mental health program, is sho

Governor Youndahl setting fire to restraints

Governor Luther Youngdahl setting fire to restraints at Anoka County Hospital, October 31, 1949. Photograph by Hi Paul. Published in the St. Paul Pioneer Press on November 1, 1949, with the article, “Halloween Fire Heralds Reform—Anoka State Hospital Burns Straitjackets.” Original caption: “A flaming pile of strait jackets, manacles, and straps marked the end of the use of restraints at the Anoka State Hospital Monday night. Gov. Youngdahl, the moving force behind Minnesota’s mental health program, is shown personally setting the torch to the devices.

Governor Luther Youngdahl setting fire to restraints at Anoka County Hospital, October 31, 1949. Photograph by Hi Paul. Published in the St. Paul Pioneer Press on November 1, 1949, with the article, “Halloween Fire Heralds Reform—Anoka State Hospital Burns Straitjackets.” Original caption: “A flaming pile of strait jackets, manacles, and straps marked the end of the use of restraints at the Anoka State Hospital Monday night. Gov. Youngdahl, the moving force behind Minnesota’s mental health program, is sho

Governor Youndahl setting fire to restraints

Governor Luther Youngdahl setting fire to restraints at Anoka County Hospital, October 31, 1949. Photograph by Hi Paul. Published in the St. Paul Pioneer Press on November 1, 1949, with the article, “Halloween Fire Heralds Reform—Anoka State Hospital Burns Straitjackets.” Original caption: “A flaming pile of strait jackets, manacles, and straps marked the end of the use of restraints at the Anoka State Hospital Monday night. Gov. Youngdahl, the moving force behind Minnesota’s mental health program, is shown personally setting the torch to the devices.

Governor Luther Youngdahl setting fire to restraints at Anoka County Hospital, October 31, 1949. Photograph by Hi Paul. Published in the St. Paul Pioneer Press on November 1, 1949, with the article, “Halloween Fire Heralds Reform—Anoka State Hospital Burns Straitjackets.” Original caption: “A flaming pile of strait jackets, manacles, and straps marked the end of the use of restraints at the Anoka State Hospital Monday night. Gov. Youngdahl, the moving force behind Minnesota’s mental health program, is sho

Governor Youndahl setting fire to restraints

Governor Luther Youngdahl setting fire to restraints at Anoka County Hospital, October 31, 1949. Photograph by Hi Paul. Published in the St. Paul Pioneer Press on November 1, 1949, with the article, “Halloween Fire Heralds Reform—Anoka State Hospital Burns Straitjackets.” Original caption: “A flaming pile of strait jackets, manacles, and straps marked the end of the use of restraints at the Anoka State Hospital Monday night. Gov. Youngdahl, the moving force behind Minnesota’s mental health program, is shown personally setting the torch to the devices.

Minneapolis residents discuss policing and community relations at one of Inter-Race’s group forums, 1991. From the organizational records of the INTER-RACE Institute 1986–2001 (box 123.F.10.4F), Manuscripts Collection, Minnesota Historical Society, St. Paul.

Inter-Race group forum on policing and community relations

Minneapolis residents discuss policing and community relations at one of Inter-Race’s group forums, 1991. From the organizational records of the INTER-RACE Institute 1986–2001 (box 123.F.10.4F), Manuscripts Collection, Minnesota Historical Society, St. Paul.

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