How Environment Has Shaped the State

From Sustenance to Leisure on Minnesota Land

Expert Essay: Associate professor of history Michael J. Lansing, published in Environmental History as well as Ethics, Place, and Environment, highlights the many ways people have made use of Minnesota's flora and fauna over time and reviews the state's more recent efforts at conservation.

Landscape watercolor on paper by Edwin Whitefield painted, c.1856–1859.

One mile above Shakopee looking over the valley of the Minnesota River

Landscape watercolor on paper by Edwin Whitefield painted, c.1856–1859.

Black and white photograph of former squatters and lumberjacks from the Beltrami Island area in Northern Minnesota, 1939.

Former squatters and lumberjacks from the Beltrami Island area in Northern Minnesota

Former squatters and lumberjacks from the Beltrami Island area in Northern Minnesota. When the land was bought up by the government, this home-Northern Minnesota Pioneers' Home-was established. All these men are over seventy." Photographed by John Vachon for the Farm Security Administration in 1939.

Black and white photograph of Mrs. Cornelius and son standing by their log house, homesteaded in 1912.

Mrs. Cornelius and son standing by their log house, homesteaded in 1912

Mrs. Cornelius and son standing by their log house, homesteaded in 1912.They will be resettled. Beltrami Island reforestation project, Minnesota. Photographed by Paul Carter for the Farm Security Administration in 1936.

Beltrami Island Project

The Beltrami Island Project was a pioneering land program of the New Deal enacted across hundreds of thousands of acres in northern Minnesota. Federal and state governments worked side by side to move residents off of poor farmland as well as to restore forest across areas of the cutover region.

MN90: The Citizens League

What makes Minnesota unique? The lakes, the weather...and the Minnesota Citizen's League. For over 60 years, the Minnesota Citizens League has helped tackle some of the toughest problems in the state. MN90 producer Allison Herrera tells us more about this influential organization.

Black and white photograph of Count Rovigno (right) with an unidentified man, probably a participant in Buffalo Bill Cody's Wild West Show.

Count Rovigno

Count Rovigno (right) with an unidentified man, probably a participant in Buffalo Bill Cody's Wild West Show. The image was originally printed in a December 3, 1922 issue of the Minneapolis Journal.

Black and white photograph of Count Rovigno (left) with an unidentified man, possibly Nicholas I, King of Montenegro, c.1922.

Count Rovigno

Count Rovigno (left) with an unidentified man, possibly Nicholas I, King of Montenegro. The image was originally printed in a December 3, 1922 issue of the Minneapolis Journal.

Black and white photograph of Count Rovigno at the foot of the White Iron Portage, Superior National Forest, 1922.

Count Rovigno

Photograph of Count Rovigno at the foot of the White Iron Portage, Superior National Forest, 1922.

Von Rovigno, Count William Rudolph Martinovich (1882–1971)

Count William Rudolph Martinovich von Rovigno was born a European nobleman but became a big-game hunter, worldwide traveler, bronco-buster, wilderness guide, and friend of "Buffalo Bill" Cody. After falling in love with Minnesota's north woods, he settled and worked in the state as a game warden, forest guard, and wilderness advocate.

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