How Environment Has Shaped the State

From Sustenance to Leisure on Minnesota Land

Expert Essay: Associate professor of history Michael J. Lansing, published in Environmental History as well as Ethics, Place, and Environment, highlights the many ways people have made use of Minnesota's flora and fauna over time and reviews the state's more recent efforts at conservation.

Black and white photograph of the 1939 swinging bridge over St. Louis River, Jay Cooke State Park, ca. 1950.

Swinging bridge over St. Louis River, Jay Cooke State Park

1939 swinging bridge over St. Louis River, Jay Cooke State Park, ca. 1950.

Black and white photograph of African American Civilian Conservation Corps fire fighters, northern Minnesota, ca. 1933. Photographed by the St. Paul Dispatch.

African American Civilian Conservation Corps fire fighters

African American Civilian Conservation Corps fire fighters, northern Minnesota, ca. 1933. Photographed by the St. Paul Dispatch.

Black and white photograph of Workers at the Whitewater State Park CCC camp, ca. 1930s.

Workers at the Whitewater State Park CCC camp

Workers at the Whitewater State Park CCC camp, ca. 1930s.

Black and white photograph of a Civilian Conservation Corps camp, Sibley State Park, ca. 1930s.

Civilian Conservation Corps camp, Sibley State Park

Civilian Conservation Corps camp, Sibley State Park, ca. 1930s.

Black and white photograph of a barracks at the Cut Foot Sioux camp, F-14, CCC Company 707 at Dear River, ca. 1938.

Barracks at the Cut Foot Sioux camp

Barracks at the Cut Foot Sioux camp, F-14, CCC Company 707 at Dear River, ca. 1938.

Black and white photograph of African American CCC Company 1728, Camp Temperance F-19, Tofte, 1934.

African American CCC Company 1728

African American CCC Company 1728, Camp Temperance F-19, Tofte, 1934.

Black and white photograph of a Civilian Conservation Corps, Company 1753, Elba, 1933. Photographed by George O. Mehl.

Civilian Conservation Corps, Company 1753

Civilian Conservation Corps, Company 1753, Elba, 1933. Photographed by George O. Mehl.

Color image of a Conservation Corps knapsack used by Fred Fretheim, CCC Company 3707, Two Harbors, Minnesota, ca. 1936–1937.

Conservation Corps knapsack

Conservation Corps knapsack used by Fred Fretheim, CCC Company 3707, Two Harbors, Minnesota, ca. 1936–1937.

Color image of a Civilian Conservation Corps shirt worn by Fred Fretheim of CCC Company 3707, Two Harbors, Minnesota, ca. 1936–1937.

Civilian Conservation Corps shirt

Civilian Conservation Corps shirt worn by Fred Fretheim of CCC Company 3707, Two Harbors, Minnesota, ca. 1936–1937.

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