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The Timber Culture Act of 1873

When Congress enacted the Timber Culture Act of 1873, many hoped that giving settlers deed to public lands in return for growing trees would reshape the environment of the West. However, legal loopholes meant that most of the tree claims filed under the Timber Culture Act were never planted with trees. Fraudulent claims and wild speculation meant that the act was repealed less than twenty years after it was enacted.

Snowstorm, Mankato

Post-blizzard Mankato, c.1880.

photograph of Dawson school with children playing in the snow.

Dawson School, Dawson

Dawson School in Lac Qui Parle County, on the western border of Minnesota, c.1890.

Children's Blizzard, 1888

The winter of 1887-1888 was ferocious and unrelenting. But nothing prepared southwestern Minnesota for the January storm that came to be known as the Children's Blizzard.

black and white photograph of Dr. Leon C. Snyder

Leon Snyder

A candid shot of the leader of the Fruit Breeding Farm, Dr. Leon C. Snyder. Dr. Snyder was the leader who started the Woody Landscape Breeding Program, which would become the Landscape Arboretum.

photograph of the fruit breeding farm

Fruit Breeding Farm

An early scene from the Fruit Breeding farm, which became the Horticultural Research Center.

black and white photograph of an early sign for the Landscape Arboretum

Early Arboretum Sign

An earlier version of the entrance sign for the University of Minnesota Landscape Arboretum.

aerial photograph of the grounds of the University of Minnesota Landscape Arboretum

Visitor Center, Snyder Building Two

An aerial view of the Visitor Center, Snyder building, and some of the grounds of the University of Minnesota Landscape Arboretum.

University of Minnesota Landscape Arboretum

The University of Minnesota Landscape Arboretum is the state's largest, most diverse and complete horticultural site. The grounds have more than five thousand types of plants, including fruits, vegetables, bushes and flowers. Located about twenty miles west of the Twin Cities, it is a significant horticultural resource.

Sean Kershaw

Sean Kershaw

Sean Kershaw is the current Citizens League executive director and has held the office since 2003


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