National encampment of the Grand Army of the Republic, Minneapolis.

National encampment of the Grand Army of the Republic, Minneapolis

National Encampment of the Grand Army of the Republic held in Minneapolis, 1884.

The Grand Army of the Republic in Minnesota

The Grand Army of the Republic (GAR) was a fraternal organization which existed from 1866 to 1956. It was composed of veterans of the Union Army, United States Navy, Marines, and Revenue Cutter Service who served in the American Civil War. The organization allowed veterans to communicate with one another and plan reunions. At its peak in 1890 it was a powerful organization, supporting the rights of veterans and primarily Republican politicians.

Joseph R. Brown, nominal leader of the burial party, c. 1853.

Joseph Renshaw Brown

Joseph R. Brown, nominal leader of the burial party, c.1853.

John Keller’s Room, 1905

Photograph of John Keller’s room by St. Paul Dispatch photographer, published on April 13, 1905. This is where William Williams shot and killed Keller and his mother on April 12. Image reproduced from microfilm at the Minnesota Historical Society with permission from the St. Paul Pioneer Press.

William Williams in the county jail, 1905

William Williams in the county jail, 1905

Photograph of William Williams. Williams was tried, convicted, and executed for killing his estranged lover, Johnny Keller, and Johnny’s mother Mary. Photo taken by a St. Paul Dispatch photographer in the county jail on April 13, 1905. Image reproduced from microfilm at the Minnesota Historical Society with permission from the St. Paul Pioneer Press.

Frank B. Kellogg being sworn in as Secretary of State, Washington, D.C.

Frank B. Kellogg being sworn in as Secretary of State, Washington, D.C.

Kellogg being sworn in as Secretary of State, 1925.

Frank B. Kellogg posed by the ruins of his old home in Olmsted County

Frank B. Kellogg posed by the ruins of his old home in Olmsted County

Kellogg posed next to the ruins of his former home in Olmsted County, c. 1922

Frank B. Kellogg

Frank B. Kellogg

Frank B. Kellogg, c.1931.

Kellogg, Frank Billings (1856–1937)

Trustbuster, Senator, Secretary of State, Nobel Laureate, and World Court judge, Frank Kellogg rose from a small farm in Olmsted County to being the highest-ranking diplomat in the United States. He is remembered as one of the authors of the 1928 Pact of Paris, a multi-lateral treaty that renounced aggressive war as a matter of national policy.

Minnesota Woman Suffrage Association

From 1881 to 1920, the Minnesota Woman Suffrage Association (MWSA) struggled to secure women's right to vote. Its members organized marches, wrote petitions and letters, gathered signatures, gave speeches, and published pamphlets and broadsheets to force the Minnesota legislature to recognize their right to vote. Due to their efforts, the Minnesota Legislature approved the Nineteenth Amendment in 1919.

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