Treaty council at Prairie du Chien

Treaty council at Prairie du Chien

View of the 1825 treaty council held at Prairie du Chien. Lithograph based on a painting by J. O. Lewis and printed by Lehman & Duval. Wisconsin Historical Society image #3142. Used with the permission of the Wisconsin Historical Society. Text below the image reads, “View of the Great Treaty Field at Prairie Du Chien, September 1825, at which upwards of 5,000 Indian Warriors of the Chippeawys, Sioux, Sacs & Foxes, WInnebagoes, Pottowattomies, Menomonies, Ioways and Ottawas tribes were present. Gov. Lewis Cass of Michigan and William Clark of Missouri, commissioners on the part of the United State. Painted on the spot by J. O. Lewis.”

Detail of a map of land claimed by France for King Louis XV

Detail of a map of land claimed by France for King Louis XV

Detail of a map of land claimed by France for King Louis XV and the route of the Mississippi River (Carte de la Louisiane et du cours du Mississippi), 1718. Map by Guillaume de L'Isle, published by Chez l'Auteur. The map shows three French fur trading forts, labeled “Vieux forts,” just below the label “Saut de S. Antoine” (S.t Anthony Falls, Minneapolis). Two of them were likely trading posts built by Le Sueur (1695 and 1700). The third remains a mystery. Ten years later a fourth fort would be built at the site of Frontenac. The Root River is listed as “R. aux Ecors.” The Prairie du Chien area is at the mouth of the Wisconsin River, listed as “Ouisconsing R.” From this river to the west is the “Chemin des Voyageurs”—the Voyageurs’ Trail—ending at a large “Aiaouez” (Ioway; Bahkhoje) village whose residents traded buffalo products and pipestone with Europeans. From the maps collection of the MInnesota Historical Society, St. Paul (G3700 1718 .L5 Reserve 4F).

Thomas D. Schall and his wife, Margaret

Thomas D. Schall and his wife, Margaret

Thomas D. Schall and his wife, Margaret, in Washington, DC, 1915. Photograph by Harris & Ewing, Prints & Photographs Division, Library of Congress, Washington, DC (call number LC-H261-6661 [P&P]). No known publication or use restrictions.

The last Schall family home

The last Schall family home

The last Thomas D. Schall family home, 4236 Queen Avenue South, Minneapolis, ca. 1937.

Einar Hoidale

Einar Hoidale

Einar Hoidale campaigning against Thomas D. Schall. Printed in the St. Paul Daily News, ca. 1930.

Thomas D. Schall with a German shepherd, possibly Lux, and a woman seated in front of a Columbia microphone

Thomas D. Schall with a German shepherd, possibly Lux, and a woman seated in front of a Columbia microphone

Thomas D. Schall with a German shepherd, possibly Lux, and a woman seated in front of a Columbia microphone, 1930. Photograph by Harris & Ewing, Prints & Photographs Division, Library of Congress, Washington, DC (call number LC-H2- B-3841 [P&P]). No known publication or use restrictions.

Magnus Johnson

Magnus Johnson

Future US Senator (and political opponent of Thomas D. Schall) Magnus Johnson, 1920.

Thomas D. Schall with his wife and son

Thomas D. Schall with his wife and son

Thomas D. Schall with his wife, Margaret, and son, 1924.

Thomas D. Schall

Thomas D. Schall

Thomas D. Schall, 1924.

Thomas D. Schall

Thomas D. Schall

Thomas D. Schall at twenty-seven, ca. 1905.

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