Black and white photograph of Jack Baker and James Michael McConnell applying for a marriage license in Minneapolis, 1970.

James Michael McConnell and Jack Baker applying for a marriage license

Jack Baker and James Michael McConnell apply for a marriage license in Minneapolis, 1970.

Black and white photograph of Jack Baker and James Michael McConnell applying for a marriage license in Minneapolis, 1970.

Jack Baker and James Michael McConnell

Jack Baker and James Michael McConnell apply for a marriage license in Minneapolis, 1970.

Black and white photograph of Jack Baker and James Michael McConnell applying for a marriage license in Minneapolis, 1970.

Jack Baker and James Michael McConnell applying for a marriage license

Jack Baker and James Michael McConnell apply for a marriage license in Minneapolis, 1970.

Baker v. Nelson

When Jack Baker and Michael McConnell became the first same-sex couple in the United States to apply for a marriage license, in 1970, Hennepin County clerk Gerald R. Nelson rejected their application. They then sued Nelson, claiming a constitutional right to marry in what would become a landmark Supreme Court Case.

Map of Minnesota showing the results of the marriage referendum included on ballots for the election held on November 6, 2012. Counties marked in red indicate a majority of “no” votes; counties marked in green indicate a majority of “yes” votes.

Marriage Amendment referendum results

Map of Minnesota showing the results of the marriage referendum included on ballots for the election held on November 6, 2012. Counties marked in red indicate a majority of “no” votes; counties marked in green indicate a majority of “yes” votes.

Color image of the Minnesotans for Marriage booth at the Minnesota State Fair. Photographed by Tony Webster on September 2, 2012.

Marriage amendment supporters at the Minnesota State Fair

Minnesotans for Marriage booth at the Minnesota State Fair. Photographed by Tony Webster on September 2, 2012.

Color image of civil rights leader Julian Bond and Minnesota Governor Mark Dayton confering at a rally held to demonstrate opposition to Minnesota Marriage Amendment 1. Photographed by Bobak Ha’Eri on June 19, 2012.

Julian Bond and Mark Dayton

Civil rights leader Julian Bond and Minnesota Governor Mark Dayton confer at a rally held to demonstrate opposition to Minnesota Marriage Amendment 1. Photographed by Bobak Ha’Eri on June 19, 2012.

Minnesota for Marriage logo, ca. 2012.

Minnesota for Marriage logo

Design used to promote the group Minnesota for Marriage.

Color image of a Minnesota United for All Families t-shirt, 2012.

Minnesota United for All Families t-shirt

Issued by Minnesotans United for All Families, a coalition that opposed passage of the 2012 Minnesota Marriage Amendment. The amendment would have limited marriage to opposite-sex couples.

Color image of a cardboard lawn sign distributed by Minnesotans United for All Families in opposition to the Minnesota Marriage Amendment, proposed in 2012.

Minnesota Marriage Amendment yard sign

Cardboard lawn sign distributed by Minnesotans United for All Families in opposition to the Minnesota Marriage Amendment, proposed in 2012.

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