Map showing three Minnesota–Wisconsin boundaries proposed during the late 1840s. Created by Alan Ominsky and reproduced in Lass, William E., "Minnesota's Separation from Wisconsin," Minnesota History 50 (Winter 1987): 311.

Minnesota's boundary with Wisconsin

Map showing three Minnesota–Wisconsin boundaries proposed during the late 1840s. Created by Alan Ominsky and reproduced in Lass, William E., "Minnesota's Separation from Wisconsin," Minnesota History 50 (Winter 1987): 311.

Map of three northern boundaries proposed for the state of Minnesota at varying degrees of latitude.

Northern boundaries proposed for Minnesota

Map of three northern boundaries proposed for the state of Minnesota at varying degrees of latitude.

Map of the boundaries of Iowa approved by Congress in 1845 but rejected by Iowa voters.

Iowa boundaries approved by Congress, 1845

Map of the boundaries of Iowa approved by Congress in 1845 but rejected by Iowa voters.

Map of the boundaries of Iowa proposed by the Iowa Constitutional Convention of 1844.

Boundaries of Iowa proposed by the Iowa Constitutional Convention of 1844

Map of the boundaries of Iowa proposed by the Iowa Constitutional Convention of 1844.

Map of North America drawn by John Mitchell, 1755.

John Mitchell Map of North America

Map of North America drawn by John Mitchell, 1755.

Minnesota State Boundaries

Minnesota's boundaries were established by treaties between the U.S. and Great Britain and the formation of the states of Michigan, Wisconsin, Iowa, and Minnesota.

Black and white photograph of Ho-Chunk leader, Winneshiek II, likely at Fort Snelling, 1863

Winneshiek II, Ho-Chunk resistance leader

Ho-Chunk leader, Winneshiek II, likely at Fort Snelling, 1863. Winnesheik II led Ho-Chunk resistance against the treaty of 1859. His band was the last to submit to removal from Minnesota.

Black and white photograph of Andre Balcombe, 1858.

St. Andre Durand Balcombe of Winona, Ho-Chunk Indian Agent

Andre Balcombe, 1858. Balcombe served as the Ho-Chunk's Indian agent during their last years at Blue Earth. He was accused of corruption and evidence suggests he took the job for monetary gain.

Black and white photograph of the Ho-Chunk leader Baptiste Lasallier wearing a mix of American Indian and Euro-American clothing, c.1855.

Baptiste Lasallier, Ho-Chunk leader

Black and white photograph of the Ho-Chunk leader Baptiste Lasallier wearing a mix of American Indian and Euro-American clothing, c.1855. After the treaty of 1859 the U.S. government recognized Lasallier as the "head chief" of the Ho-Chunk at Blue Earth.

Black and white photo print of the Ho-Chunk (Winnebago) leader Baptiste Lasallier (center) with Indian Agent Charles H. Mix (right) and an Indian supply merchant from New York (left), 1857.

Baptiste Lasallier, Ho-Chunk (Winnebago) leader, with Charles H. Mix, Indian agent, and an Indian supply merchant from New York

Black and white photo print of the Ho-Chunk (Winnebago) leader Baptiste Lasallier (center) with Indian Agent Charles H. Mix (right) and an Indian supply merchant from New York (left), 1857.

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