O'Connor Layover Agreement

The O'Connor layover agreement was instituted by John O'Connor shortly after his promotion from St. Paul Detective to Chief of Police on June 1, 1900. It allowed criminals to stay in the city under three conditions: that they checked-in with police upon their arrival; agreed to pay bribes to city officials; and committed no major crimes in the city of St. Paul. This arrangement lasted for almost forty years, ending when rampant corruption forced crusading local citizens and the federal government to step in.

Michael J. Dowling Silent Film

Michael Dowling, a Minnesota politician, newspaper publisher, businessmen, and spokesperson for those with physical disabilities lost both legs, most of one arm and part of another to frostbite when he was young. During and after World War I Dowling crusaded for the rehabilitation of veterans disabled during the war. This film clip, first shown at a meeting of the American Medical Association in 1918, graphically demonstrates how Mr. Dowling was able to function very successfully in spite of his handicap. He is shown driving a car, traveling, and conducting regular business operations.

Michael J. Dowling Silent Film

Michael Dowling, a Minnesota politician, newspaper publisher, businessmen, and spokesperson for those with physical disabilities lost both legs, most of one arm and part of another to frostbite when he was young. During and after World War I Dowling crusaded for the rehabilitation of veterans disabled during the war. This film clip, first shown at a meeting of the American Medical Association in 1918, graphically demonstrates how Mr. Dowling was able to function very successfully in spite of his handicap. He is shown driving a car, traveling, and conducting regular business operations.

Michael J. Dowling Silent Film

Michael Dowling, a Minnesota politician, newspaper publisher, businessmen, and spokesperson for those with physical disabilities lost both legs, most of one arm and part of another to frostbite when he was young. During and after World War I Dowling crusaded for the rehabilitation of veterans disabled during the war. This film clip, first shown at a meeting of the American Medical Association in 1918, graphically demonstrates how Mr. Dowling was able to function very successfully in spite of his handicap. He is shown driving a car, traveling, and conducting regular business operations.

Color image of Commission of Public Safety Order No. 37, June 4, 1918.

Minnesota Commission of Public Safety Order No. 37

Commission of Public Safety Order No. 37, June 4, 1918. This order mandated that every able bodied man in the state of Minnesota that was not in the military had to be employed in a useful occupation.

Black and white photograph of members of the Minnesota Commission of Public Safety meeting at the Capitol in St. Paul, c.1918.

Commission of Public Safety members meeting in the Capitol

Members of the Minnesota Commission of Public Safety meeting at the Capitol in St. Paul, c.1918.

Black and white photograph of members of the Home Guard, December, 1917.

Members of the Home Guard on Duty During the Twin Cities Rapid Transit Workers Strike

Members of the Home Guard, December, 1917. The Home Guard was created by an order of the Public Safety Commission after Minnesota's National Guard units were federalized. Though the Home Guard helped citizens in need, it was also used by the Minnesota Commission of Public Safety to break strikes and police the citizenry.

Black and white photograph of Governor Joseph A. A. Burnquist with a military group, c.1916.

Governor Joseph A. A. Burnquist with military group

Governor Joseph A. A. Burnquist with a military group, c.1916.

Black and white photograph of Minnesota Commission of Public Safety members, c.1918.

Minnesota Commission of Public Safety

Minnesota Commission of Public Safety members, c.1918.

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