Color image of Somali women pray in the women’s prayer room at Dar Al-Hijrah during the holy month of Ramadan. 2013.

Ramadan and Eid at Dar Al-Hijrah Mosque

Somali women pray in the women’s prayer room at Dar Al-Hijrah during the holy month of Ramadan. Photographed by Mohamud Mumin, 2013.

Color image of Friday prayer at Dar Al-Hijrah Mosque, 2015.

Friday prayer at Dar Al-Hijrah Mosque

Interior of Dar Al-Hijrah Mosque during a Friday prayer led by Imam Sharif Mohamed, 2015. The first floor of Dar Al-Hijrah consists of two large rooms covered wall to wall in soft rugs where hundreds of Muslims, mostly Somali and Oromo, come for their daily prayers. Friday afternoons are special prayer days and attract large crowds of worshippers.

Color image of Wali Dirie, executive director of the Islamic Civic Society of America and Dar Al-Hijrah Mosque, stands outside their new entrance at 504 Cedar Avenue, 2015.

Islamic Civic Society of America and Dar Al-Hijrah Mosque, Cedar Avenue entrance

Wali Dirie, executive director of the Islamic Civic Society of America and Dar Al-Hijrah Mosque, stands outside their new entrance at 504 Cedar Avenue, 2015.

Color image of group prayer during the purchase of a building for Dar Al-Hijrah, 2006.

Group prayer

In 2015, Imam Sharif Mohamed, Abdisalam Adam, and other leaders of Dar Al-Hijrah mosque raise their hands in prayer after the remodeling of their building following a devastating fire.

Color image of the Islamic Civic Society of America, ca. 2015.

Islamic Civic Society of America and Dar Al-Hijrah Mosque

Islamic Civic Society of America and Dar Al-Hijrah Mosque, ca. 2015.

Dar Al-Hijrah Mosque, Minneapolis

Dar Al-Hijrah was founded in 1998 in the Cedar-Riverside neighborhood in Minneapolis and is the oldest Somali mosque in Minnesota. It signals the latest of many phases of immigration to the state, from Scandinavians and other Europeans in the nineteenth century to East Africans in the 1990s and 2000s. The congregation has a unique commitment to civic education and advocates for the idea that Islam is compatible with democracy through its sister organization, the Islamic Civic Society of America.

Temple Israel, Duluth

Temple Israel, Duluth

Exterior of Temple Israel, Duluth, ca. 2016.

Color image of the Hopperstad Stave Church Replica, 2011. Photograph by Flickr user Steve Borsch.

Hopperstad Stave Church Replica

Hopperstad Stave Church Replica, 2011. Photograph by Flickr user Steve Borsch.

Sample plan of a stave church layout, similar to the Hopperstad.

Stave church floor plan

Sample plan of a stave church layout, similar to the Hopperstad. Typical elements of stave churches include a walkway (sval), nave (midtrom), chancel (kor), and apse (apsis). Image by Wikimedia Commons user Hȧkon Andreas Christie.

Color image of the interior of the original Hopperstad Church in Vik, Norway, July 13, 2010.

Hopperstad Stave Church (Norway), interior

The interior of the original Hopperstad Church in Vik, Norway, July 13, 2010. Note the canopy of the baldachin, six staves, structural St. Andrew’s crosses, and small windows in the clerestory.

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