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Graphite drawing of Fort Snelling showing landing road with root cellars beneath it and Dakota Indians in the foreground, c.1856. Drawing by B. C. H.

Sketch of Fort Snelling

Graphite drawing of Fort Snelling showing landing road with root cellars beneath it and Dakota Indians in the foreground, c.1856. Drawing by B. C. H.

Watercolor painting of the interior of Fort Snelling, c.1853. Painting by George F. Fuller.

Interior of Fort Snelling

Watercolor painting of the interior of Fort Snelling, c.1853. Painting by George F. Fuller.

Watercolor painting of Fort Snelling, c.1844. Painting by John Casper Wild.

Painting of Fort Snelling

Watercolor painting of Fort Snelling, c.1844. Painting by John Casper Wild.

Black and white lithograph of Fort Snelling, showing additional buildings on the landing, 1830. Artist unknown.

Lithograph of Fort Snelling

Lithograph of Fort Snelling, showing additional buildings on the landing, 1830. Artist unknown.

Topographical map of Fort St. Anthony (Fort Snelling), 1823. Drawn by Sergeant Joseph E. Heckle with marginal notes by Major Josiah H. Vose, Fifth U.S. Infantry.

Topographical sketch of Fort St. Anthony (Fort Snelling)

Topographical map of Fort St. Anthony (Fort Snelling), 1823. Drawn by Sergeant Joseph E. Heckle with marginal notes by Major Josiah H. Vose, Fifth U.S. Infantry.

Black and white portrait of Lieutenant Colonel Henry Leavenworth, c.1820.

Lieutenant Colonel Henry Leavenworth

Lieutenant Colonel Henry Leavenworth, c.1820.

Color image of epaulets worn by Lieutenant Nathan Clark, who served at Fort Snelling, Minnesota, from 1819 to 1827.

Army infantry officer's uniform epaulets worn by Nathan Clark

Epaulets worn by Nathan Clark, who served as an officer at Fort Snelling, Minnesota, from 1819 to 1827.

Oil on canvas painting of Colonel Josiah Snelling, c.1818. Artist unknown.

Colonel Josiah Snelling

Oil on canvas painting of Colonel Josiah Snelling, c.1818. Artist unknown.

Oil on canvas painting by David Geister, 2006.

Fort Snelling

Fort Snelling, c.1835. Oil on canvas painting by David Geister, 2006.

Fort Snelling in the Expansionist Era, 1819–1858

The U.S. Army built Fort Snelling between 1820 and 1825 to protect American interests in the fur trade. It tasked the fort’s troops with deterring advances by the British in Canada, enforcing boundaries between the region’s American Indian nations, and preventing Euro-American immigrants from intruding on American Indian land. In these early years and until its temporary closure in 1858, Fort Snelling was a place where diverse people interacted and shaped the future state of Minnesota.

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