How Architecture Has Shaped the State

Three Thousand Years of Building in Minnesota

Expert Essay: Architectural historian Larry Millett, author of Lost Twin Cities and numerous other books, offers a colorful tour of notable Minnesota buildings and building styles, from American Indian burial mounds to Beaux Arts monuments and suburban big boxes.

Architect’s rendering of the Minnesota Woman Suffrage Memorial Garden, from the memorial dedication booklet, 2000. LOOM Studio.

Drawing of the Minnesota Woman Suffrage Memorial Garden

Architect’s rendering of the Minnesota Woman Suffrage Memorial Garden, from the memorial dedication booklet, 2000. LOOM Studio.

Winona Post Office

Winona Post Office

Winona Post Office (built in 1890), Winona, Minnesota. Photographed ca. 1910.

Robert David Sprague House

Robert David Sprague House

Robert David Sprague House (built in 1905), 204 West Main Street, Caledonia, Minnesota. Photograph by Wikimedia commons user Jonathunder, November 28, 2015. GNU Free Documentation License

Abner Hodgins House

Abner Hodgins House

Abner Hodgins House (built in 1892), Winona, Minnesota. Photograph by Greg Gaut, 2014.

Winona County Courthouse

Winona County Courthouse

Winona County Courthouse (built in 1889), Winona, Minnesota. Photograph by Wikimedia commons user Jonathunder, October 31, 2009. GNU Free Documentation License 1.2.

Houston County Courthouse

Houston County Courthouse

Houston County Courthouse (built in 1883) in Caledonia, Minnesota. Photograph by Wikimedia Commons user Jonathunder, November 30, 2015. GNU Free Documentation License 1.2.

Anger’s Block

Anger’s Block

Anger’s Block (116–120 Walnut Street, Winona, Minnesota). Photograph by Wikimedia Commons user Jonathunder, February 26, 2017. GNU Free Documentation License 1.2.

Charles Maybury

Charles Maybury

Charles Grandison Maybury of Winona, architect and builder. Photograph by Bauer’s Studio, ca. 1902.

Maybury, Charles G. (1830–1917)

Charles G. Maybury dominated architectural practice in Winona from 1865 to 1905, designing churches, schools, courthouses, commercial buildings, and residences in the city and throughout southeast Minnesota. He moved comfortably between styles, including Italianate, Queen Anne, Richardsonian Romanesque, and Gothic Revival. Many of his buildings have survived and are on the National Register of Historic Places.

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