Exterior view of the Socialist Opera building in Virginia, Minnesota.

Socialist Opera House

Exterior view of the Socialist Opera building in Virginia, Minnesota. The grand opening of this building was on April 5-6, 1913. Used with permission from the Immigration History Research Center at the University of Minnesota.

Evangelical Mennonite Church, half-mile north of Mountain Lake.

Evangelical Mennonite Church, half-mile north of Mountain Lake.

Description: Evangelical Mennonite Church, half-mile north of Mountain Lake, 1959

The Mennonites of Mountain Lake

Mennonites arrived at Mountain Lake in 1873. Mennonites are a Protestant Christian group with sixteenth century European origins. Their name refers to Menno Simons, who was a Dutch religious reformer. Simons preached a fundamentalist, more literal interpretation of the Bible. He also emphasized the importance of adult baptism. Along with these beliefs, Simons promoted a simple way of life similar to Jesus Christ and the apostles. As part of his creed, he stressed the importance of Christian brotherhood, pacifism, and the primacy of family in Christian life. The tenet of pacifism played a significant role throughout Mennonite history.

Traverse des Sioux treaty marker.

Traverse des Sioux treaty marker.

A stone marking the site of the treaty, photograph taken c. 1950.

Camp at Traverse des Sioux

Camp at Traverse des Sioux

A drawing of the camp at the treaty negotiation site by Frank B. Mayer, 1851.

Treaty of Traverse des Sioux

Treaty of Traverse des Sioux

The painting of the treaty signing that hangs in the Governor's Reception Room of the Minnesota State Capitol.

Treaty of Traverse des Sioux

Treaty of Traverse des Sioux

Painting by Frank B. Mayer, a witness to the negotiations and signing of the Treaty of Traverse des Sioux. Painted in 1885.

Treaty of Traverse des Sioux

The Treaty of Traverse des Sioux of 1851 is an agreement between the Sisseton and Wahpeton bands of Dakota and the U.S. government. It transferred ownership of much of southern and western Minnesota from the Dakota to the United States. The treaty is significant in Minnesota's history because, along with similar treaties signed that same year, it opened twenty-four million acres of land to immigration. For the Dakota, these treaties marked another step in the process that saw them increasingly marginalized in and dismissed from land that was their home.

Chinese Bazaar at Westminster Presbyterian Church, Minneapolis.

Chinese Bazaar at Westminster Presbyterian Church, Minneapolis.

Chinese Bazaar at Westminster Presbyterian Church, Minneapolis c.1935. Chinese Minnesotans like Woo Yee Sing and his wife Liang May Seen were prominently involved with Westminster's Chinese outreach programs.

Yee Sing Woo standing in front of Yee Sing Laundry, 1319 Nicollet, Minneapolis

Yee Sing Woo standing in front of Yee Sing Laundry, 1319 Nicollet, Minneapolis

Yee Sing Woo, husband of Liang May Seen, standing in front of Yee Sing Laundry, 1319 Nicollet, Minneapolis. c.1895.

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